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Topic Maps: Article for the Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences
Topic Maps is an international standard technology for describing knowledge structures and using them to improve the findability of information. It is based on a formal model that subsumes those of traditional finding aids such as indexes, glossaries, and thesauri, and extends them to cater for the additional complexities of digital information.
Topic Maps is increasingly used in Enterprise Information Integration, Knowledge Management, e-Learning, and Digital Libraries, and as the foundation for web-based information delivery solutions. This article provides a comprehensive treatment of the core concepts, as well as describing the background and current status of the standard and its relationship to traditional knowledge organization techniques.